Contents

Professor: So...You are interested in studying Chemical Engineering?Student: Mmmm. Dunno, all that pollution and stuff is pretty bad.Professor: You think the industry is the source of most pollution then?Student: Obviously.Professor: You have done research into this?Student: Hummph. No need to, everyone knows that is true.Professor: Really? My research tells me differently. Tell me, what do you mean when you say pollution?Student: Smells, poisoned ...

Chemical Engineering - A Convincing Argument

Chemical Engineering - A Convincing ArgumentProfessor: So...You are interested in studying Chemical Engineering?Student: Mmmm. Dunno, all that pollution and stuff is pretty bad.Professor: You think the industry is the source of most pollution then?Student: Obviously.Professor: You have done research into this?Student: Hummph. No need to, everyone knows that is true.Professor: Really? My research tells me differently. Tell me, what do you mean when you say pollution?Student: Smells, poisoned streams and people dying.Professor: And you think this all comes down to the chemical industry?Student: Yes.Professor: What about all the gases that come from your boiler at home? What about the gases that come out of your car? What about all the gases that come out of the power station to produce the electricity for your lights or air-conditioning at home? What about...Student: Yeah, yeah, whatever.Professor: You insult me by picking an argument, and then refusing to listen to an opposing view. I do not want you on my course anyway, move along and let the next person in please.Student: What do you mean, you dont want me? Huh?Professor: Exactly that, move along now.Student: OK, convince me that the people running those chemical plants are all good guys who produce no air pollutionProfessor: That was not what I said. They do produce pollution, but much less of it than they used to and much less than any power station does. There are controls on what gases they can release into the air, and how much of each gas. The companies have to monitor their emissions and tell the government if they release too much.Student: Very likely.Professor: The government send inspectors around to check that the monitoring is in place. These officials make unannounced visits and if they find any missing data there had better be a good explanation.Student: MmmmProfessor: The companies are set five year targets to reduce their emissions below current levels. When they hit those targets, even if they hit them after two years, the government sets them another reduction target that has to be reached within another five yearsStudent: Thats not very fair.Professor: It seems unfair at times, but the constant drive for reduced emissions makes the company invest in research and new processes to reduce the amount of waste gases it releases. It encourages the company to find uses for those waste gases.Student: That sounds pretty good.Professor: Technology is moving on all the time. Processes become more efficient and pollution is reduced. No industry can ever reduce its pollution to zero, though.Student: Why not?Professor: Its a law of diminishing returns. 90% of the emissions can be removed at low cost. That leaves 10%. A further 9% can be removed at high cost, still leaving 1%. An extremely high cost is needed to remove the next 0.9%, but there is still 0.1% of the original amount. You can see that the removal cost is increasing, but the pollution reduction is becoming more and more marginal.Student: Right. So is chemical engineering a good choice then?Professor: It depends... You need to be good at solving problems, to be able to think laterally. You need to be able to work as part of a team, too.Student: Right...Professor: You also need to be interested in a career in managementStudent: Huh, whys that?Professor: Technology moves along fast in this field and within ten years of gaining your degree your knowledge will be out-dated. There will be new graduates competing for the jobs you will have been doing, who have up to date knowledge. Most "chemical engineer" s move into management after about twelve years in the job. Their background of engineering is still useful, but they recognize that they are no longer at the cutting edge.Student: But management can be a good career to, cant it?Professor: It can, indeed. Are you interested in finding out more then?Student: Definitely, and thanks.

Negotiating Your Value, by Coach DQ, CPCC, CPC

Negotiating Your Value, by Coach DQ, CPCC, CPC

Are You Prepared To Negotiate For Happiness? Believe it or not, everything truly is negotiable! Each new job offer or performance review is an opportunity to negotiate base salary, bonuses, benefits, stock options and various other incentives that add to job satisfaction and ultimately, provide more financial security. You need to take control of your job search before your new job offer and plan ahead of time for your annual performance review to reach your ultimate goal of financial security and happiness. Are you prepared to negotiate? With each new job offer or performance review, you are being handed an opportunity to define, communicate, and achieve what you want for your financial security. In order to achieve this, youll have to understand the basics of negotiation. The first step in negotiating is making the decision to reach your goal. Once you have made that decision, you need to plan your approach, gather supporting information, consider alternatives and viewpoints, communicate specifically, and understand your strengths and weaknesses. You must be able to respond effectively to the negotiating party, and knowing your competition will enable you to bargain your position more accurately. Here are a few tips to focus on during your research and negotiation: 1. Be Persuasive It's hard to force your boss to increase your compensation, and trying to do so can potentially damage your working relationship. Think about the process as trying to convince him that it might benefit the organization to pay you more. 2. Aim High and Be Realistic Many researchers have found a strong correlation between people's aspirations and the results they achieve in negotiation. At the same time, you want to suggest ideas to which your boss can realistically say yes. 3. Start Off with the Right Tone You want to let your boss know you will listen and try to understand his views. At the same time, you expect your boss to do the same for you so you can work together to address this issue. Avoid ultimatums, threats and other coercive behavior. 4. Clarify Your Interests Your compensation should satisfy a range of needs, not just salary. Make sure you have thought about other points of value to you as well -- like profit sharing, stock options that vest immediately, a bonus, greater work responsibilities, a quicker promotion schedule, increased vacation or flexible hours. 5. Anticipate Your Boss's Interests Just like you, your boss has needs and concerns. To persuade him to say yes, your ideas will have to address those things that are important to him. 6. Create Several Options Joint brainstorming is the most effective way to find ideas that satisfy everyone's interests. It works best when you separate it from commitment -- first create possible solutions, and then decide among them. 7. Focus on Objective Criteria It is far easier to persuade someone to agree with your proposal if he sees how that proposal is firmly grounded on objective criteria, such as what similar firms pay people of like experience or what others in the company make. 8. Think Through Your Alternatives In case you cannot persuade your boss to say yes, you need to have a backup plan. Part of preparation is creating a specific action plan so you know what you'll do if you have to walk away from the table. 9. Prepare Thoughtfully to Achieve Your Goals This is the only aspect of your negotiations you can completely control. To take advantage of all of the above advice, you have to invest a significant amount of your time and energy. 10. Review to Learn The only way you can really improve your ability to negotiate is to explicitly learn from your experiences. After you finish negotiations, reflect on what you did that worked well and what you might want to do differently. You will ultimately be successful in achieving your goal of financial security and happiness! Negotiation is not an art form the more you practice, the better you become at it! Do your homework and feel confident! Know your worth. Doing it right requires preparation, studying comparative situations, role playing and getting another perspective. A case in point: A client recently hired me to help her with negotiating a promotion, she knew her boss had a real tight budget so together worked on her strategy; role played what she would say, what possible objections might come up, and how to overcome them. She did some research and prepared her case. The result a 20% increase in salary, a gas allowance, flex hours, a gym membership, a new Director title and a lunch stipend. So the next time you are negotiating your annual review, a new position, a promotion, whatever it is remember everything is negotiable.

Become A Flight Attendant

Become A Flight Attendant

Are you looking for a career that is consistent and yet offers flexibility? Perhaps you want to work full-time but also have this itch to see the world? If you can answer yes to these questions, perhaps it is time for you to consider becoming a flight attendant.Being a "flight attendant" is perfect for people who love a consistent job but still need adventure. One of the greatest perks about being a flight attendant is that you get the best of both the familiar and the unknown. What could be better than getting to work with great people, getting to serve great customers, and getting to see parts of the country or even of the world in the meantime? Many jobs that pride themselves in being adventurous are inconsistent or sporadic at best. Working as a flight attendant allows you the freedom to fly to new places but gives you many hours of work to do each week.Another great thing about working as a flight attendant is that you get to work with a variety of people. Not only will you get to interact with other flight attendants, pilots, and other airline personnel, but you will daily get to spend time with customers on your flights. Flight attendants will meet young children and senior citizens all within the course of a normal day. As a flight attendant you will learn to interact with people from a variety of cultures as well. What a great way to learn about the world and about people different than yourself.Many flight attendants love the job because of the time they spend in between flights in new cities all over the country and the world. Can you think of another job that allows you to work for ten hours on a flight to London and then gives you three days to rest and enjoy the sites of London before you return home? The longer you are a flight attendant for most airlines, the further you can travel and the more exotic places you can visit.If you are looking for a new job or to change to a more exciting career, check out the opportunities that exist to train to be a [*_*]. Most [*_*] positions only require a few weeks of training and then you can start working right away! So consider whether or not being a [*_*] might be the perfect job for you!

How To Help Your Child Find A 21st Century Career

How To Help Your Child Find A 21st Century Career

Most of us were brought up to study hard, get good grades, choose a "practical" college major, and strive for a "good job."Talk to a stranded midlife career-changer and you realize the game has changed. Yesterday's rules prepared us to be passengers on a large ocean liner that promised a smooth voyage. Today we realize that ocean liner turned out to be the Titanic and we need to keep ourselves afloat on a small life raft if we want to survive.Here are some tips to help your child learn not only to survive, but to thrive and grow in a chaotic world.1. From the first day of kindergarten, encourage your child to build on strengths rather than focus on limitations.Does she spend hours studying models of cars for the last twenty years? Maybe she'll become an auto mechanic -- or maybe she'll parlay her ability to classify detailed information into a career as a biologist or pharmacist.2. Encourage your child to choose a field of study based on his or her natural abilities and passions, not "what will get me a job."Claudia Kennedy, the Army's first female three-star General, majored in philosophy. In her book Generally Speaking, she claims philosophy prepared her to become a top-level intelligence officer. Carly Fiorino, famed CEO of Hewlett-Packard, studied medieval history. And Michael Lewis, financial writer and best-selling author of Liars Poker, was an art history major.3. Assure your children that few mistakes are fatal.Did your child fail a course? Face rejection from a first-choice college? Most of us can't avoid an occasional failure, but we can learn bounce-back attitudes as soon as we can talk.Yolanda Griffith, WNBA basketball star, dropped out of a premier program due to pregnancy. She returned to a lower-ranked college program, baby in tow, and now plays for the Sacramento Monarchs.I once taught a student who had flunked out of junior college following a close call with the legal system. After a four-year stint in the US Navy, she returned to college, maintained a dean's list grade point average, and went on to a top law school.4. Encourage your child to experience success in any area of her life.Did she make the honor roll? Get selected for a play, a club, or athletic team? Win an election for competitive office? Survive a strenuous application process for a summer job? Once your child has tasted success, he will know how it feels and will act like a winner when he enters the job market.Cecilia, a shy twelve-year-old, blossomed when she won the lead in a school play. "We want you to improve your grades, not spend time in rehearsal!" fumed her worried mother.To everyone's surprise, Cecilia's grades improved and she made new friends with the "good kids" who were also achievers. Most important, no matter what happens, Cecilia can return to that feeling of success whenever she gets discouraged.5. Getting into a top university -- or any university -- will not guarantee success.I've met Ivy Leaguers who have experienced unemployment, bankruptcy and even homelessness. I've met high school drop outs who flourished on their own initiative.In my own small town, a couple with graduate degrees dropped out to pursue artistic careers -- and they clean houses to pay the bills. Recently a minimum wage job was posted by a nonprofit -- and several unemployed lawyers applied.Career-changers who face the future with an attitude of "I can handle anything" are the ones who win today. Tossed into the ocean, they'll improvise a set of oars and keep up their spirits till they figure out what to do next. Those who feel betrayed ("I thought I was set for life") flounder around for weeks, months, even years.Entitlement is over Those who have a positive outlook, who can seize the unexpected opportunity, can count on reaching the shore. And they realize that only they can transform a resting place into a safe harbor.

Military Careers: 10 Extraordinary Reasons Why People Join The Military

It is hard to live with guns. This must have been the reason why many parents despise their sons or even daughters decision to join the military. But those who persist in joining this institution insist the feeling is what they call a call of duty. This is when they feel they need to protect and fight for their beloved country.However, some researchers had found out that people who join the military have mixed emotions, mixed sentiments and various reasons. All together, they compromise what seems to be the most diversified grounds for getting into the battlefield and fight for honor.Hence, for those who wish to know why more and more people are joining the military, here is a list of 10 amazing yet strange reasons why they wanted to join the forces.1. Financial reasonsOne of the most intriguing reasons why people join the military is due to the bonuses and compensation that they will get. The reason for this high-paying job is that the military recruitment program is actually experiencing a downfall in their program. In spite of the many contentions of the military people, they cannot dismiss the fact that for the past 10 years or so, they have been trying to recruit as many people as possible to join the military but to no avail.That is why they have decided to increase the benefits and enlistment bonuses. These enlistment bonuses are juts the primary benefits that they and their family can obtain even just from the start of the enlistment.Basically, the military people in the United States can obtain to as much as $70,000 as the government support in the studying of qualified service affiliates.During the retirement, the military personnel can obtain as much as $100 in a month for the repayment of tutorial assistance.Because of these benefits, the main target of the military recruitment is the college students who might want to take their time off from schooling. The military recruitment also focuses in recruiting high schoolers who are studying in a home school program.With the remarkable financial benefits given by the military, who could resist such offer?2. To be away from their parentsFunny as it may seem but many young boys are actually enticed to join the military because they wanted to stay away from their parents. 7 out of 10 high-school- age boys stated that their parents are so strict and demanding that they wanted to steer clear from them. Hence, when opportunities like joining in the military along with the astonishing financial benefits, they would rather join the forces than to get spank and scolded by their moms.3. A test of ones courageJoining the military is like a daring game, where people get to grab the chances of proving their courage and guts. Some say it is a man thing. It is as if when you join the military, you have somewhat proven to your neighborhood that you are brave enough to face Saddam or Bin Laden.4. Good citizenshipOthers say that the reason why they join the military is that they wanted to prove to their beloved country that they are good citizens and that they will defend the nation for as long as they can hold a gun and kill an Iraqi. Sounds pathetic? Think again.Some people think that joining a military is like paying tribute to the wonders that the United States was able to provide them. And yet, by the time they get into the war, they claim that the tribute is no longer present.The problem is that there is no turning back.5. To fight Al Qaeda and look for Osama Bin LadenIt may sound hilarious but this is actually one of the main reasons why some people join the military. In a recent survey, almost 35% out of the 100 interviewees responded that they wanted to help the American soldiers find Osama Bin Laden and bring down the forces of Al Qaeda.In fact, this is one of the main reasons why Pat Tillman, a legendary football star, has finally decided to give up his sports career and join the military.With this reason, it is as if the military is all about the Al Qaeda and Osama Bin Laden.6. A good careerAnother reason for joining the military is that people are enticed to do so because the recruiters say it is definitely a good career joining the military.Just hope they are not lying.7. Full time employmentFor most people who had been completely jobless for almost 4 years, joining the military is a very attractive decision to make. Many insist that one of their main reasons why they join the service is because of the full time employment that they can achieve. This would mean a the end of their job hunting, another four years not worrying anymore what to eat and where to buy their babys diapers, and a secured future, maybe not for them but for their family.8. Family traditionIt is the way it is. Some people join the military because everyone in the family is doing it. Not much choice, huh?9. To learn new skillsPeople who have these reasons are the adventurous type. They seek newer skills that they can master, and military seems to be the only way to gain such expertise.10. PrideSome people join the military because having those badges on their soldiers makes them proud of themselves. It is as if being a soldier is the most honorable job any one could ever have.Some of these reasons may sound hilarious, while others sound so pathetic. For those who still want to join the military with reasons that are not included here, just think before you act. As they say, whoever lights a match will definitely get burn.

Job Applications Common Interview Questions Part 1

Questions about your present, or most recent, job can be tricky and if you aren't careful you can ruin your chances by making negative or undiplomatic comments. So make sure you are prepared.In an ideal world, we'd all get on brilliantly with the boss and our colleagues - and we'd love every minute of the job. If this were the case, it's very unlikely we'd ever look for another post. In the real world, the reason you want to leave a job may well be that you don't get on with the boss or your immediate supervisor, or that the routine has become mind-numbingly boring. However terrible your present job, the interview is not the time to discuss it. You must be professional and dont forget, if you are offered the position, the people interviewing you will be your boss and colleagues and they don't want to work with someone who will complain about them at the first opportunity.What questions might you be asked about your recent work history? How do you get on with your boss? And how about your colleagues? Why do you want to leave? What do you dislike about your job?Let's start with the first two.How do you get on with your boss or your colleagues?Whatever the reality, you must give a positive answer. You could say, for example, that you have a good working relationship and that you have always found your boss helpful and supportive; there is a good team spirit and you get on well with your colleagues or that you work together effectively. If you are asked for specific faults in your boss or co-workers, don't be tempted to run anyone down. This question is not about them, it's about you and your loyalty. So never say anything against anyone you work with or have worked with in the past. If you feel you cant honestly give any of the above answers, really think about the people you work with and find something positive that you could say about them.Why do you want to leave your present job?You need to think carefully about this one, as employers dont want to think that you hop from job to job, get bored quickly or are more interested in your after work activities. If there is an obvious reason, such as the end of your contract, redundancy, or you are moving to a different area, say so. Many people are reluctant to say that they have been made redundant, but remember that its the post which has been redundant, not you.What do you say if the truth is that you are bored to death in your present post? Think carefully about why you are applying for the job in question. What do you think it will give you that your present job does not? Money and longer holidays are the wrong answers. If these are the real reasons, you may well end up just as bored in this job. Take a close look at what the company has to offer. Will it give you an opportunity which is lacking in your present post, for example, to develop existing skills or learn new ones? Or will you have the chance to use specific qualifications or abilities, such as foreign languages, which arent needed in your present post? Is there the possibility of advancement, receiving mentoring or taking on new responsibilities which you are unable to do now?What do you dislike about your job?Again, caution is needed. If you say that you specifically dislike something, it may be a part of the new job, which would indicate you didnt read the job description properly and that you'll dislike this job just as much.You could say that you enjoy your job but feel ready for something more challenging or that you have learned a great deal but are now ready to move to a post in which you will have more responsibility.The bottom line - before applying for a new job, make sure you can give positive reasons for leaving the old one and clear motivation for choosing the new one - and never criticise any of your co-workers. Waller Jamison 2005

Summary

Professor: So...You are interested in studying Chemical Engineering?Student: Mmmm. Dunno, all that pollution and stuff is pretty bad.Professor: You think the industry is the source of most pollution then?Student: Obviously.Professor: You have done research into this?Student: Hummph. No need to, everyone knows that is true.Professor: Really? My research tells me differently. Tell me, what do you mean when you say pollution?Student: Smells, poisoned ...